Productivity and Quality in Smart Manufacturing Systems

Eco-efficiency: Challenges in adjusting productivity of agriculture for food security purpose

Weny Findiastuti, Moses. L. Singgih, and Maria Anityasari


This paper objective is developing eco-efficiency measurement for food security purpose. Increasing population growth will means that global demand for food will increase. Food supply will depend upon the ability and high productivity of food production. At the same time we are dealing with environmental degradation such soil degradations and pollutions caused by short-term high productivity of agriculture. For those reasons, producing food without degradingenvironment is preferable. However, this sustainable agriculture still remains food security problems since it needs long time production and high production cost that lead to a low productivity. Sustainable food production often be assumed fail to cope high global demand of food. Many studies of food security innovation have been done. A high research cost related to agriculture researches has led to an analysis of the possibility of a sustainable agriculture system that meets demands of food security but simultaneously economically accepted. It is our challenge to develop a certain formula to analyze those of innovations economically and environmentally in one index. Eco-efficiency is a concept that brings together twodimensions of economic and ecology. Assumed that food security as economic performance, agricultural eco-efficiency index can be assessed to indicate ratio food security level to its environmental impact. As a result, indicators of food security measurement and agricultural environment impact also would be proposed.

Keywords: Eco-efficiency, food security, indicator development


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